GEUS Bulletin is a peer-reviewed, diamond open access journal published by the Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland (GEUS). We publish geoscience research papers, monographs and map descriptions for Denmark, Greenland and the Arctic region. GEUS Bulletin believes that open science benefits scientists, industry and society. We do not charge publication fees and all our articles can be freely downloaded online. IF 2021: 1.412; 5-year IF: 1.287 (Source: Journal Citation Report TM2021).
Vol. 9 (2006): Scientific results from the deepened Lopra-1 borehole, Faroe Islands
Editors: James A. Chalmers and Regin Waagstein
The Faroe Islands in the northern North Altantic consist primarily of Palaeogene eruptive volcanic rocks. Two research boreholes were drilled in 1980 and 1981 on the islands, the deeper of which, Lopra-1, extended 2 km into the unexposed part of the volcanic succession.
Exploration for hydrocarbons in the area to the south-east of the Faroe Islands and leakage of gas from the still-open Lopra-1 borehole suggested the presence of a sedimentary section below the volcanics that might contain hydrocarbons. VSP (Vertical Seismic Profiling) studies from the Lopra-1 borehole indicated the presence of seismic reflections from below its final depth that might indicate the base of the volcanic series underlain by sediments.
These observations motivated an industry consortium to drill an extension to the Lopra-1 borehole in 1996 that, including a side-track, reached a final depth of 3565 m. The extension penetrated a thick sequence of previously unknown volcanic rocks, but not pre-volcanic siliciclastic sediments as hoped.
This bulletin presents many new scientific studies of both the extended and original Lopra-1/1A boreholes, in some cases combined with regional studies from elsewhere in the Faroe Islands.