Petrography, geochemistry and magnetic susceptibility of the Isortoq Fe-Ti-V deposit, Isortoq Giant Dykes, South Greenland
Keywords:Isortoq Fe-Ti-V deposit, Gardar Province, petrophysics, magma chamber, troctolite
The Isortoq Giant Dykes in the Proterozoic Gardar Province, South Greenland, include the Isortoq South giant dyke and the Isortoq North giant dyke. The fine-grained Fe-Ti-V deposit hosted by the Isortoq South giant dyke, referred to as the Isortoq Fe-Ti-V deposit, is considered a good test site for the use of magnetic susceptibility for the mapping of ore grades. Here, we test this and show that the Fe, Ti and V distribution is controlled by titanomagnetite disseminated throughout fine-grained troctolite. The deposit displays a clear correlation between magnetic susceptibility and Fe, Ti and V grades in bulk samples of consecutive 2 m sections from 11 drill cores, totalling 2671 m in length. We observe that Fe, Ti and V are almost entirely hosted in titanomagnetite, which controls the magnetic susceptibility. Field measurements of the magnetic susceptibility can thus be considered as a reliable exploration tool for this type of mineralisation. We further consider the origins of the deposit by reconnaissance petrography, mineral and bulk rock chemistry of the large mass of aphanitic Fe-rich troctolite in the Isortoq South giant dyke. We suggest that the deposit may represent the base of a basanitic to trachybasaltic magma chamber, in which Fe-rich immiscible melts accumulated, crystallised and fractionated. The processes suggested here may apply to other giant dykes and intrusions of the Gardar Province.
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