X-ray fluorescence (XRF) fingerprinting of Palaeogene deposits in Denmark





Denmark, geochemical fingerprinting, Palaeogene, XRF analysis


In this study, we test if cost-efficient X-ray fluorescence (XRF) analyses can be used to fingerprint Palaeogene clay and marl deposits in Denmark. A total of 67 samples from key sites in Denmark have been analysed. Our preliminary results indicate that it is possible locally within 10–30 km to distinguish between most of the Palaeogene units, but on a regional scale across Denmark, the units are not unique, and this probably reflects variations in clay mineralogy, grain size and calcareous content. Accordingly, we suggest that a comprehensive reference database is now needed if the full potential of the method is to be utilised, and this will ultimately result in more reliable geological models.


Download data is not yet available.


Binzer, K. & Stockmarr, J. 1994: Geologisk kort over Danmark. 1:500.000. Prækvartær-overfladens højdeforhold. Danmarks Geologiske Undersøgelse. Kortserie 44, 4–8 + maps.

Clemmensen, A. & Thomsen, E. 2005: Palaeoenvironmental changes across the Danian–Selandian boundary in the North Sea Basin. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 219, 351–394. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.palaeo.2005.01.005

Hansen, M. & Pjetursson, B. 2011: Free, online Danish shallow geological data. Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland Bulletin 23, 53–56. https://doi.org/10.34194/geusb.v23.4842

Heilmann-Clausen, C., Nielsen, O.B. & Gersner, F. 1985: Lithostratigraphy and depositional environments in the Upper Paleocene and Eocene of Denmark. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Denmark 33, 287323. https://doi.org/10.37570/bgsd-1984-33-26

Heilmann-Clausen, C. 1995: Palæogene aflejringer over Danskekalken. In: Nielsen, O.B. (ed.): Aarhus Geokompendier No. 1. Danmarks geologi fra Kridt til i dag. Geologisk Institut, Aarhus Universitet, 69–114.

Jakobsen, P.R. 2003: GIS based map of glaciotectonic in Denmark. Geological Quarterly 47, 331–338.

King, C., Iakovleva, A., Steurbaut, E., Heilmann-Clausen, C. & Ward, D. 2013: The Aktulagay section, west Kazakhstan: a key site for northern mid-latitude Early Eocene stratigraphy. Stratigraphy 10, 171–209.

King, C., Gale, A.S. & Barry, T.L. 2016: A revised correlation of Tertiary rocks in the British Isles and adjacent areas of NW Europe. Geological Society of London. https://doi.org/10.1144/SR27

Nielsen, O.B., Baumann, J., Zhang, D., Heilmann-Clausen, C. & Larsen, G. 1986: Tertiary deposits in store Bælt. In: Møller, J.T. (ed.): Twentyfive years of geology in Aarhus. Aarhus Geoskrifter, 235–253.

Nielsen, O.B., Rasmussen, E.S. & Thyberg, B.I. 2015: Distribution of clay minerals in the Northern North Sea Basin during the Palaeogene and Neogene: A Result of source-area geology and sorting processes. Journal of Sedimentary Research 85, 562–581. https://doi.org/10.2110/jsr.2015.40

Pedersen, G.P., et al. 2011: Molerområdets geologi – sedimenter, fossiler, askelag og glacialtektonik. Geologisk Tidsskrift 2007/1, 41–135.

Rasmussen, E.S., Dybkjaer, K. & Piasecki, S. 2010: Lithostratigraphy of the upper oligocene – Miocene succession of Denmark. Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland Bulletin 22, 92. https://doi.org/10.34194/geusb.v22.4733

Schiøler, P., et al. 2007: Lithostratigraphy of the Palaeogene – Lower Neogene succession of the Danish North Sea. Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland Bulletin 12, 1–77. https://doi.org/10.34194/geusb.v12.5249

Śliwińska, K.K., Abrahamsen, N., Beyer, C., Brünings-Hansen, T., Thomsen, E., Ulleberg, K. & Heilmann-Clausen, C. 2012: Bio- and magnetostratigraphy of Rupelian–mid Chattian deposits from the Danish land area. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 172, 48–69. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.revpalbo.2012.01.008

Sorgenfrei, T. & Berthelsen, O. 1954: Geologi og vandboring. Danmarks Geologiske Undersøgelse, III række 31, 1–106. https://doi.org/10.34194/raekke3.v31.6936

Stokke, E.W., Liu, E.J. & Jones, M.T. 2020: Evidence of explosive hydromagmatic eruptions during the emplacement of the North Atlantic Igneous Province. Volcanica 3, 227–250. https://doi.org/10.30909/vol.03.02.227250

Thomsen, E. 1995: Kalk og kridt i den danske undergrund. In: Bjørslev Nielsen, O. (ed.): Danmarks geologi fra Kridt og til i dag. Aarhus Geokompendier 1, 32–67.

Thomsen, E., Abrahamsen, N., Heilmann-Clausen, C., King, C. & Nielsen, O.B. 2012: Middle Eocene to earliest Oligocene development in the eastern North Sea Basin: Biostratigraphy, magnetostratigraphy and palaeoenvironment of the Kysing-4 borehole, Denmark. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 350–352, 212–235. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.palaeo.2012.06.034

Ziegler, P.A. 1990: Geological Atlas of Western and Central Europe, 1990. Shell Internationale Petroleum Maatschappij B.V. 239 pp + 56 maps.

A map



How to Cite

Larsen, N. K., Kristensen, K. B., Siggaard-Andersen, M.-L., Heilmann-Clausen, C., & Kjær, K. H. (2023). X-ray fluorescence (XRF) fingerprinting of Palaeogene deposits in Denmark. GEUS Bulletin, 53. https://doi.org/10.34194/geusb.v53.8330




Most read articles by the same author(s)