Cretaceous and Cenozoic dinoflagellate cysts and other palynomorphs from the western and eastern margins of the Labrador–Baffin Seaway

  • Robert A. Fensome Geological Survey of Canada (Atlantic) Natural Resources Canada, PO Box 1006, 1 Challenger Drive Dartmouth, Nova Scotia B2Y 4A2, Canada.
  • Henrik Nøhr-Hansen De Nationale Geologiske Undersøgelser for Danmark og Grønland Øster Voldgade 10, 1350 København K.
  • Graham L. Williams Geological Survey of Canada (Atlantic) Natural Resources Canada, PO Box 1006, 1 Challenger Drive Dartmouth, Nova Scotia B2Y 4A2, Canada.
Keywords: Biostratigraphy, Cretaceous, Cenozoic, dinocysts, systematics, Baffin Margin, Labrador Margin, Mesozoic, offshore West Greenland

Abstract

New palynological analysis of samples from 13 offshore wells on the Canadian Margin and six wells on the West Greenland Margin has led to a new event biostratigraphic framework for Cretaceous–Cenozoic strata of the Labrador Sea – Davis Strait – Baffin Bay (Labrador–Baffin Seaway) region. This framework is based on about 150 dinoflagellate cyst taxa and 30 acritarch, algal, fungal and plant microfossil (mostly miospore) taxa. In the systematics we include three new genera of dinocysts (Scalenodinium, Simplicidinium and Taurodinium), 16 new species of dinocysts (Chiropteridium gilbertii, Chytroeisphaeridia hadra, Cleistosphaeridium elegantulum, Cleistosphaeridium palmatum, Dapsilidinium pseudoinsertum, Deflandrea borealis, Evittosphaerula? foraminosa, Ginginodinium? flexidentatum, Hystrichosphaeridium quadratum, Hystrichostrogylon digitus, Impletosphaeridium apodastum, Scalenodinium scalenum, Surculosphaeridium convocatum, Talladinium pellis, Taurodinium granulatum and Trithyrodinium? conservatum), four emendations of dinocyst genera (Alterbidinium, Chatangiella, Chiropteridium and Surculosphaeridium), six new combinations for dinocyst species (Alterbidinium biaperturum, Deflandrea majae, Kleithriasphaeridium mantellii, Simplicidinium insolitum, Spongodinium grossum, Spongodinium obscurum), one new acritarch species (Fromea quadrangularis), one new miospore species (Baculatisporites crenulatus) and one new combination for miospores (Tiliaepollenites crassipites). Most of the taxa included provide age information, almost exclusively last occurrences (range ‘tops’), but some are useful mainly for environmental interpretations. Collectively, they provide a powerful tool for helping to establish the geological history of the Labrador–Baffin Seaway.

 

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Published
2016-12-19
How to Cite
Fensome, R. A., Nøhr-Hansen, H., & Williams, G. L. (2016). Cretaceous and Cenozoic dinoflagellate cysts and other palynomorphs from the western and eastern margins of the Labrador–Baffin Seaway. GEUS Bulletin, 36(1), 1-143. https://doi.org/10.34194/geusb.v36.4397